Percentage of wind energy production in Poland increases every year. In 2009 it amounted to 0.55%, while in 2014 it was already 4.53%. Localization and construction of wind farms must meet many conditions defined in regulations being in force in this field, they still arouse a lot of controversy. Main reasons are their negative impact on landscape, agritourism, land value, human health, nature and others. Every such investment has both positive and negative influence on the neighbourhood, and its development. It gives an income to communes' budgets through taxes, to landowners through grounds lease or sale, creates new workplaces during construction and then operation of devices. It also leads to modernization and repair local routes, electrical grids and others .
The aim of this paper is to present chosen problems connected to the localization of wind farms. The research focuses on regulations concerning the wind farms localization , its procedures, calculation of taxes for communes, incomes for landowners on whose grounds the wind turbines were built, and others, in the context of the new law i.e. Act of 20 May 2016 on Wind Energy Investments.
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