As a result of the increase in the world population and the decrease in agricultural land, the need for food increases every day. Nowadays, breeding studies are carried out to increase the yield of plants to get more products from the same area. Furthermore, controlled production areas are created by optimizing climatic conditions and the continuity of production is ensured. It is called greenhouse, where production can be carried out throughout the year and the indoor temperature and humidity conditions can be controlled. Nowadays, greenhouses are now functioning as an industrial enterprise. However, greenhouses need to comply with the principles of quality production, efficient income growth and physical environmental protection. Almost all of the plant production in greenhouses in Turkey is done in the Mediterranean region, but in the Southeastern Anatolia Region, it is done in a very limited greenhouse area. The increase of protected agricultural areas in the Mediterranean region and the fact that the production volume cannot reach a certain limit makes it necessary to investigate alternative protected production areas. In this study, climate conditions of Antalya province and climate data of four provinces of the Lower Euphrates basin are compared with each other and statistically compared. As a result of, differences have been found between Antalya province and the provinces in the Lower Euphrates basin in terms of minimum, maximum, and average temperatures. However, there is no difference between the provinces in the basin except for Gaziantep in terms of climatic conditions. Therefore, it has been determined that Gaziantep province is not suitable for greenhouse cultivation. However, it has been concluded that if greenhouse cultivation is performed in this province, it is appropriate to perform cultivation in the areas where alternative energy sources can be used. It has been concluded that in the case that heating costs are reduced using alternative energy sources, Şanlıurfa and Kilis provinces are climatologically suitable for greenhouse cultivation and Adıyaman province is partially suitable for it.
Kezer Yerleşkesi C Blok 56100 Siirt/Türkiye http://ziraat.siirt.edu.tr/
Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Avşar Yerleşkesi 46100 Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye http://ziraat.ksu.edu.tr/