Real estate turnover is a spatial phenomenon, because the location of properties refers to geographic space. Transaction prices are attribute values which distribution in geographic space can be subject to an analysis. The analysis of spatial autocorrelation of transaction prices of properties permits detection of local outlier transactions, detection of clusters of high and low prices, and the assessment of the statistical significance of such clusters. Transaction prices of undeveloped properties intended for building development obtained in suburban areas, and the location of such properties may suggest the intensity of the occurring processes of functional transformations. Results of statistical analyses of the spatial distribution of unitary transaction prices of such properties may constitute an element of specific characteristic of rural communes located in the vicinity of large cities. The article presents results of the analyses and their interpretation for selected rural communes of the Otwock district. The study was conducted in the scope of research grant entitled: "Spatial analysis of undeveloped land property transactions for the purposes of prediction of unfavourable changes in land use at variance with the idea of sustainable development of suburban areas", implemented in 2015 at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography of the Warsaw University of Technology.
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