Spatial and temporal changes in some indicators of Hungarian forest management

Słowa kluczowe: forest management, forest area, forest cover, forestation, Hungary

Streszczenie:

The use of forests, a versatile multi-purpose forestry sector can only be maintained through the achievement of significant quality standards required by the increased 21st-century environmental, social and economic needs. Nowadays it is a favourable condition that Hungary is a member of the European Union and, consequently, the country can apply for EU funds in the field of forest management. Unfortunately, the approximately 14 years before the accession were not without problems in this area either.
In the forest management of Hungary some economic difficulties and privatization issues have emerged since the regime change, which made it difficult slowing down the dynamic development of forest management. However, since the regime change this sector recovered within a few years and the development started, with the result that now the Hungarian forest area reached 1 935.8 thousand hectares. Nevertheless, Hungary is still one of the countries in the European Union having less favourable indicators for the forest cover. Over the past 24 years there was a growing tendency regarding forest areas. Compared to 1990, the Hungarian forest area increased by 14.2% in 2014. It is expected to keep growing in the future as well in case forestation and deforestation (forestation and felling) will be consistent and there will be no "robber management".
If we examine the development of forests in Hungary, then we can say that there are still unexploited reserves, however it is a most welcome fact that the forest area of Hungary is growing from year to year, even if slightly. The forest-cover of Hungary was 18.2% in 2000, while in 2014 it rose up to 20.8%.
In the coming years, everything must be done to ensure that the size of the wooded area would further increase. In this field, there are large unexploited reserves, since as a member of the European Union Hungary extracted about 600-700 hectares from cultivation each year, and a significant part of these areas should be afforested again. To do so, certainly, significant resources are necessary. The benefits of this would appear not only in economic factors, but also in environmental and climatic respects.

Cytowanie:

Komarek L. 2015. Spatial and temporal changes in some indicators of Hungarian forest management. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2015/ II (2 (Jun 2015))